A comprehensive review on phytochemical, pharmacological and traditional applications of Jamaican pepper plant A.K.A. all spice(Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr.)
Manish Maheshwari, Raaz K Maheshwari
Pimenta dioica (L) Merr. also known as Jamaican pepper, is a spice recognized and utilized worldwide. Renowned for its unique flavor profile, the spice is characterized by a flavor reminiscent of a combination of cloves, nutmeg and cinnamon. It contains several vitamins, which include Vitamin A, vitamin C, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B6 and Vitamin B9. It contains numerous important trace elements such as Ca, P, Na, K, Fe, Se, Zn, Mg etc. The focal phenolic compound occurring in P. dioica’s essential berry oil is eugenol, a volatile aromatic compound can be found in appreciable amounts equivalent to 60-90% of the total essential oil content extracted from the P. dioica plant (fruits or leaves). Most of the chemical extractions of P. dioica have been reported for its leaves and berries. To date, the most common ingredients tested are polyphenols, lignins and terpenoids. Phytochemical analyses of P. dioica leaf extract report the presence of glycosides, alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, and proteins. Methyl eugenol, eugenol, myrcene, β-caryophyllene, cineole, and limonene have also been reported. Presence of greater amount of eugenol in essential oil, Total Antioxidant Capacity, Total Phenolic Content and Total Flavonoid Content in leaf extracts undoubtedly demonstrated potential of Pimenta dioica essential oil and leaf material as a fabulous raw material for food, perfumery and cosmetic industries. The biological properties exhibited by Allspice extracts can be loosely classified as oxygen scavenges (antioxidants), vasodilators (antihypertensive) and antiproliferative agents with potential for application in cancer chemoprevention and therapies. The purpose of this review is to highlight compounds that have shown significant medicinal potential as validated by controlled studies involving either biochemical experiments or control animals studies.
Manish Maheshwari, Raaz K Maheshwari. A comprehensive review on phytochemical, pharmacological and traditional applications of Jamaican pepper plant A.K.A. all spice (Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr.). International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 9, Issue 4, 2022, Pages 73-79