E-shram portal for the welfare of unorganised sector workers in India
Informal sector is characterized as consisting of units engaged in the production of goods and services with primary objectives of generating employment and income to the person concerned. These units typically operate at low level of organization, with little or no division between labour and capital as factors of production and on a small scale. Labour relations, where they exist are based mostly on casual employment, kinship or personal or social relations, rather than contractual arrangements with formal guarantees. In India, the term ‘Informal sector’ is used as a synonym for unorganized sector. The Ministry of Labour and Employment has developed e-shram portal for creating a national data base of unorganised workers. It was launched by Union Minister of Labour and Employment Bhupender Yadav and Minister of State Rameshwar Teli on August 26, 2021. Optimum realisation of employability and to extend the benefits of the social security schemes is the foremost objective of e-shram portal. Any worker who is unorganised and aged between 16 to 59 is eligible to register on the e-shram portal. E-shram portal became a powerful tool to bring all the unorganised workers together. It paves the way for implementing the government welfare schemes for unorganised workers more effectively.