International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 9, Issue 2 (2022)

Application of indigenous knowledge in rural agriculture: A study on existing indigenous practices among women farmers in Monaragala district, Sri Lanka


Hettiarachchi H A N

Women play an important role in agrarian societies and they are of vital importance to rural economies. Application of indigenous knowledge in rural agriculture is a unique aspect in majority of the developing countries including Sri Lanka. Women farmers in rural societies mainly depend on this knowledge and there is a strong relationship among them, rural agriculture and the application of indigenous knowledge. Even though this age-old knowledge provides many practical solutions to the issues aroused in contemporary agricultural sector, the practicability and the popularity of them are being rapidly declined. Due to different reasons majority of them have now been started to extinct. Therefore, there is a pressing need to carry out detail studies with special focus on the applications of indigenous knowledge in agricultural activities undertaken by women in rural societies. This study attempts to investigate the existing applications of indigenous knowledge in different agricultural activities undertaken by women farmers in two agricultural villages in Monaragala District, Sri Lanka. The methodology applied here involved a multistage process. Two research sites were selected through a systematic judgment sampling technique and stratified sampling method was employed to select 58 women farmers for the questionnaire survey along with 16 key informants. Data collection was carried out over a period of two cultivation seasons applying both qualitative and quantitative techniques. Mainly, a manual thematic analysis was applied as a qualitative analytical tool while simple statistical methods were employed to analyze quantitative data. The findings of the study reveal that the women farmers applied a vast variety of practices derived from indigenous knowledge in different stages of a cultivation season and they are very knowledgeable about the perceived benefits. The practicability and the popularity of this knowledge have been rapidly declined due to different reasons and farmers do face many constraints consequently. Despite such constraints and limitations, the application of this knowledge in agriculture generate multifaceted advantages. Therefore, novel approaches, policies, practices and initiations are timely and significant to revitalize, re-emergence and perpetuation of the indigenous knowledge systems that has been preserved over centuries.
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How to cite this article:
Hettiarachchi H A N. Application of indigenous knowledge in rural agriculture: A study on existing indigenous practices among women farmers in Monaragala district, Sri Lanka. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 9, Issue 2, 2022, Pages 46-56
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development