DNA database and the necessity for establishing DNA database in Thailand
Nowadays, Thailand has not yet established a DNA database at the national level. However, only the DNA database stored by the Central Institute of Forensic Science in which the accumulated individual DNA data can benefit solving crimes, verifying missing persons, and certifying parenthood. Meanwhile, several ASEAN member countries have set up DNA databases at the national level and have legislation concerning guidelines in establishing the DNA databases, for instance, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and Brunei. The primary purposes of researching DNA database in Thailand are as follows: 1. To become guidelines in setting up the DNA Database in Thailand; 2. To study management on human rights and individual rights concerning the establishment of DNA Database; 3. To become guidelines in promoting cooperation within the ASEAN Community to deal with organized crimes and increasing crimes. These would reduce problems concerning lack of data in searching for the perpetrators in criminal cases in the ASEAN Community. This is a qualitative research using mainly literature review since Thailand has not yet set up the national DNA Database. Therefore, it is necessary to study the format, procedures, problems, and obstacles from the prototype countries that have established and succeeded in setting up the DNA Database, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, compared with the ASEAN countries. The format of this research is set to explore information on the ASEAN Community countries, ASEAN +3 and ASEAN +6 that have established DNA databases at the national level, including the United Kingdom, the United States, New Zealand, Australia, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, China, Japan, South Korea, and India. Due to the social environment along with the free flow of people and rapid spread of news, Thailand should expedite its adaptation in dealing with social problems resulted from free flow movement, for instance, cross-border labor, immigration labor, cross-border organized crimes along with domestic crimes in neighborhood countries. Without preparation and arrangement, it could lead to increasing problems of national security within the ASEAN countries. Consequently, Thailand as a potential state to be a regional logistic hub, it is essential to establish the National DNA Database. Furthermore, as for the ASEAN Community, National DNA Databases should provide similar operations to connect and exchange data, in the same manner, proceeded in the European Union (E.U.). With the new databases, ASEAN countries will have and capabilities to contend with possible crimes and threats from other countries.