Delhi: From pollution capital of the world to EV capital of India
Delhi, the capital city of India has very high level of air pollution which is a threat to health and life of the residents of the city. Delhi has been declared the most polluted capital city of the world by the Switzerland based agency IQ Air Visual. The massive and slow-moving traffic in the city is one of the major causes of air pollution. The dynamics of the mobility sector in Delhi are unique as well as challenging. The transportation sector is predominated by two wheelers (62.90%). Nearly 47.9% of the population does not own a vehicle and have dependence on public/shared mobility means of transportation. Daily there is a huge influx of traffic from its satellite towns, which has a tremendous contribution to polluting emissions. As the population of the city is increasing, the number of vehicles is also increasing. Adoption of clean energy transportation in the city will help in combating air pollution. In the past few years, the city is moving towards electric mobility, but the movement is rather slow and requires strong government push and support. The Delhi Electric Vehicle Policy 2020 has been recently notified and is a strong step towards achieving faster EV adoption in the city. The policy focuses on creating EV demand through incentives and concessions. Switch Delhi campaign has also been launched to increase consumer awareness towards benefits of EV adoption. The policy has certain gap areas in which targeted actions by the government can facilitate faster EV adoption in the city. Electric Vehicles present a significant opportunity for improving the air quality by shifting the emissions in the city from multiple moving sources to point sources.