Covid 19: Stress and anxiety- A critical review of related literature
Neera Dhar, Ankur Yadav
The present paper presents a review and critique of the related literature on anxiety and stress in the context of the novel global pandemic, covid 19. A descriptive analysis of the related articles reveals the focus on the causes and some remedies to deal with the mental health challenges of the coronavirus. Among the causes; the role of media, time spent in watching news, social media, trustworthiness of the information communicated, all these are the potential sources leading to the adverse effects on the psychological health of an individual and the population at large. It has been reported that the prolonged exposure to such a threat created in the environment around, especially for those who have less competencies and coping mechanisms, nonstop stress and the anxiety reigns. Being potentially dangerous, it can lead to suicide and self-harm. The apprehensions about every person being contagious that one has an interface with, escalates the stress and anxiety further. The tormenting fear of isolation and being put in the quarantine centers or anticipating such a possibility, the subsequent treatment /behavior of the health staff there, the facilities available, these cognitive maps amount significantly to stress and anxiety. Health care giver’s severe risks, threats and family problems have also been covered in the related literature under review. The suggestions put forth for dealing with the menace for this target group of health workforce; people in the quarantine centers and the people under the lock down have been put forth. It has been recommended that the existing data base should be further strengthened and longitudinal studies should be conducted with a wider focus on mental health challenges of the pandemic. In this paper, the author has discussed the causes and remedies given in these articles and has presented the critique, conclusion, recommendations. Further suggestions have been put forth to adhere to the advisory issued time and again by the authorities. Any defiance to these guidelines at individual and organizational level could snowball the stress and anxiety. A scientific intervention used in modern individual and group psychotherapy- Cognitive behavioural package, yoga and life style changes as the effective coping interventions to manage stress and anxiety of different target groups of the pandemic, Covid 19 including the escalation of domestic violence during lockdown have been put forth. These coping techniques have been proposed by the present author for handling the present challenging situation; and with a futuristic perspective in a visionary mode. For health workforce, in addition to these interventions, special focus has been laid on their protection and creating systems to support them and their families to combat their stress and anxiety. Professional interface and online psychotherapy tailor made for all the target groups has been suggested.
Neera Dhar, Ankur Yadav. Covid 19: Stress and anxiety- A critical review of related literature. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 8, Issue 2, 2021, Pages 72-77