Cutaneous manifestations in covid positive patients in a tertiary hospital
Priyanka K, Anjali Nair, Nagaraja, Badrinath N
Background: On March 11th, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a global pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV 2 virus). The patterns of dermatological manifestations associated with SARS-CoV 2 infection could be classified into four categories exanthema (varicella-like, papulo-vesicular and morbilliform rash), vascular (chilblain-like, purpuric/petechial and livedoid lesions), urticarial and acro-papular eruption. Other skin manifestations are cutaneous adverse reactions to the drugs prescribed for the treatment of COVID-19. Whether SARS-CoV-2 infection can directly cause a worsening of chronic inflammatory diseases such as psoriasis or atopic dermatitis remains to be determined.Objectives: The aim is to review the cutaneous findings by studying the presentation and frequency of cutaneous manifestations in COVID-19 patients and to play a pertinent role in the early diagnosis and management of COVID-19 positive patients.Method of Collection of Data: All proven COVID positive patients admitted to KVG medical college and hospital were selected for the study. A detailed history was elicited from the case file.Results: In the study, 100 positive patients were included where 6 patients were found to have cutaneous manifestations. 3 had purpura, 2 had erythematous rash and 1 had urticarial lesion. Extremities was commonly affected. There was no palm or sole involvement, no mucosal involvement or any pre-existing dermatoses.Conclusion: All 6 patients developed cutaneous involvement after hospitalization. Itching was low or absent and usually lesions healed in few days. There was no correlation with diseases’s severity.
Priyanka K, Anjali Nair, Nagaraja, Badrinath N. Cutaneous manifestations in covid positive patients in a tertiary hospital. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 8, Issue 11, 2021, Pages 62-64