The politics of Bihar after Independence from 1947 to 1977
Empowerment is condition of loving power, and being able to exercise it and obtain the benefits thereof. The Indian way of Securing empowerment for un-empowered is to Provide Quota of community casts and Gender. There are six (6) resources viz economic, social, political International, moral and physical that led to empowerment of Weaker Sections. After independence, the objective of the state has been to move local government in the direction of democracy. The ideal was formally enshirined in the constitution (article 40). But the path from feudal type to the democratic type has occasionally led to anomie and fragmentation, as in Bihar, where local government lies paralysed in the midist of vicious caste wars.The complex nexus of the national, the regional, and local has been possible through a number of national legal and political initiatives, and has been more successful in those parts in India where a competitive party system has successfully integrated the local with the national. By extension of the same argument, the experimentation in local democracy has been the least successful in those regions where no autonomous empowerment of subaltern groups has taken place.The politics of Bihar maybe divided into two phase. In the first phase, which extends up to the 1967, it is principally a story of the use of political power by the upper castes to retain their social domination. The second phase that began from 1967 is marked by the rise of upper backward caste people as major contenders of state power and forceful protest movements of the marginalized Schedule Castes (SCs) and neglected Scheduled Tribes (STs).