Evolution of criminal justice of vedic era in India
Since crime is a social phenomenon, the society has a responsibility to combat it. Therefore, for proper understanding of its gravity, we have to take a closer look at the family where the criminal is born and brought up, the school where he gets his education and the community where he interacts.1 However, CJS has direct role and responsibility to tackle the problem. To play its role effectively and with full responsibility, it must react to the changes taking place owing to political and economic circumstances and adjust radically in its policies and programmes. Since it is one of the requirements of CJS to utilize the body of knowledge available in a particular period which is affected by the political and economic development, all these changes have inevitable repercussions on the contemporary society.Free and fair justice to all, has always been considered a must in all the civilized countries. It is on this assumption that the CJS is functioning in our country. In our Constitution, keeping in view the democratic ideals, Article 124 lays down that there will be a free, fair and public trial of criminal cases.