Prevalence and predisposing factors of breast inflammation (Mastitis) in dairy cows in gardez
Ahmadullah Joyan, Abdul Wahab Hekmat, Noor Ahmad Akbari
Breast inflammation (Mastitis) is a universal disease in the dairy industry, in this study; mastitis was investigated in dairy cows of Gardez city, and hygienic condition of stable, cow milking, calving and its health measures and treatment measures of mastitis are the cases that have been investigated. During the year 2016, a total number of 106 bovine animals were observed, from the study it shows that, 8 bovine animals had clinical breast inflammation and 98 other do not showed clear symptoms of clinical breast inflammation, meanwhile milk of these cows were tested by “California mastitis test, white side test and Cup test” for sub clinical mastitis. From the result of the study it shows that, 12 others had sub clinical mastitis symptoms. In addition to these factors of mastitis there were some more environmental shortcomings such as: weakness in the implementation of sanitation in stable, traditional raising of dairy cattle, lack of preventive measures of mastitis, weakness in the implementation of hygiene conditions in cow milking and Calve, weakness in the feeding of cattle, local and traditional treatment of ill cows and lack and weakness of hygienic implementation of suitable bed for cows. hygiene adjustment in stable, washing and drying of cows udders, hygienic adjustment of milking equipment’s, breast-protecting treatment and disinfecting of udders after the milking and suitable nutrition for cows are those cases which suggested to formers for preventive of dairy cows mastitis.