A study on the impact of tsunami in the coastal society in Kerala
Anjali Sathyan, Dr. Saji P Jacob
The 2004 Tsunami in India was another disastrous disaster which shook the world and wiped away many communities and their own culture and traditions. Among other Tsunami affected countries, India stood third in the list of tsunami-affected countries. In this paper, I am discussing the impact of tsunami in the coastal area who are located in Azheekal, Kollam district, Kerala after the 2004 Tsunami. The Alappad in Kollam district was the most Tsunami –Affected region in Kerala. As the community was belongs to the fishing related works their major source of income was also connected to that area. Till the day the when the tsunami came into their life they were living in a unique habitat which was convenient for them in their day to day activities, living style, the source of income etc. Everything has changed within a glance of second and it created a great impact to this coastal community. However, they were forced to move from their existing environment to an entirely new place as part of Tsunami rehabilitation process since a huge number of people lost their beloved ones and their houses after Tsunami. The paper seeks to emphasize the various types of impacts especially the Psychological impact, Socio- Economic impact, Structural changes and also the social problems faced and adopted by the community after the Tsunami. Further it will examine the past and present social, cultural and economic dimensions and dynamics of Azheekal community.