Tribal development in Andhra Pradesh up to XII plan
Dr. B Rajendra Prasad
The Scheduled tribes, since ages, have been victims of socio-economic exploitation and have been relegated to low income generating occupations, inferior trades, unhealthy environment and unclean unskilled occupations. Tribal Development in India is a subject which is being discussed among personnel of higher ranks, statesmen, academicians and scholars for over six decades. During this period, it has become a subject which drew serious and widespread concern and pronounced attention from several quarters ranging from policy makers and development planners to academicians providing material for all of them. Since the state is becoming increasingly important in the context of tribal development, the public policy and administrative system relating to this field have been subjected to serious intellectual scrutiny during all these years. Thus the tribal development has come to occupy very important place in the agenda of social science research in the country. Although clear untouchable practices may be declining in many parts of the country, caste rigidities continue to confine many Schedule Tribe workers in demeaning occupations, which put them at a disadvantage when compared to other communities. The forces of urbanization, social and protective legislations, positive discrimination and other measures taken by the Government, have led to gradual improvement in occupational mobility and living standards over the years, but the living conditions of the majority of Scheduled Tribes. In this connection the researcher put concentration to examine that the tribal development measures in Andhra Pradesh (combined state) during the five year plans from 1951-56 to 2012-2017. During the twelfth five year plan the Andhra Pradesh state was divided in to two Telangana and Andhra Pradesh states.