Transitional justice approaches: A study of the most popular transitional justice mechanisms and lessons to be learned by Afghanistan
Dr. Rafiullah Atta, Saifullah Arabzai
States transitioning from civil war, dictatorship and other and other international brutalities adopt various mechanisms to address the crimes and injustices happened in the past. There is neither a single strategy, nor a universal strategy. Instead, states adopt one or more mechanisms according to their unique circumstances. The most popular strategies states have so far adopted are, inter alia, truth commissions, local and international trial, traditional methods of justices, reparation, and the vetting. It should be noted that the focus of all these mechanism is on a stable and prosperous future and peace. Afghanistan has also gone through various eras of brutalities since 1978. War crimes and crimes against humanity have been committed in Afghanistan by various partitas to the conflict of Afghanistan. This paper recommends that Afghanistan should adopt some mechanisms, according to its particular situation, to address the crimes and injustice committed since 1978 up to date.