Vulnerability of smallholder farmers to climate change in Sokoto state Nigeria
K Ibrahim, U Yarima
The risk climate change poses to all sectors of the global economy has attracted the attention of scientists and policymakers in recent times. The agricultural sector in developing countries that is heavily dependent on climate is the most vulnerable. Quantifying the impact of climate change may contribute towards articulating a sustainable livelihood. This paper applies the Ricardian technique to assesses the impact of climate change on smallholder farmers in Sokoto State, Nigeria. The study made use of data collected from 430 farmers across 3 senatorial zones. Climatic records from 1970 to 2015 for northern was also used as the secondary data. The result revealed that there is a significant relationship between climate change and net revenues from agriculture. With every increase in 1 oC and 1mm of temperature and rainfall respectively, there is an increase in net revenue. Moreover, the study reveals that farm characteristics have a mixed effect on net revenue. Conclusively, climate change exerts a significant effect on smallholder net revenue from agriculture. This calls for concern of all stakeholders on the greatest environmental threat of our time.