Concept of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Unani system of medicine
Dr. Khalid Eqbal, Dr. Mohd Aleemuddin Quamri
Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) also known as chronic diseases that are not passed from person to person. LSD and NCD are the interchangeable term. Life Style Disease (LSDs) that can be potentially prevented by changes in life style, diet and environment. Lifestyle disorders are a group of diseases which includes, Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity, Cardiovascular diseases, Dyslipidemia, Malignant and other neoplasm, Chronic low back pain etc. NCDs Kill - 38 million people each year, CVD - 17.5 million per annum, Cancers - 8.2 million, Respiratory diseases - 4 million, and Diabetes - 1.5 million. As Avicenna elaborated, the disease state starts by dystemperament, which is a change in the normal temperament of an individual, or of an organ, to a new temperament that is outside the range of normal. The temperament is a product of the mixing of the four physical states: warmth, coldness, wetness (or dampness), and dryness. Therefore, a change in one will produce a change in the others. Prolonged dystemperament imbalances the body fluids, the humors, not only in quantity but also in quality. Thus, the state of disease in Unani medicine is based on dystemperament and humoral imbalance. Maintaining of Asbab-e-Sitta Zarooriyah is important to harmonious homeostasis of the temperament, humours of the body.