Water quality assessment of some selected hand dug wells and a borehole in north western parts of Bauchi Metropolis, Bauchi state, Nigeria
S Magaji, NS Gin, Tahir H, AQ Ibrahim
To establish the quality of water meant for human consumption, domestic, livestock and irrigation purposes, water samples were taken from nine different hand dug wells and a borehole in north western part of Bauchi. The samples were analyzed to establish the physical, chemical and microbial characteristics of water. The peak turbidity was recorded in Lafiyari (GW2), while that of temperature was in Tambari (GW6). Wuntin Dada (GW3) show the highest Electrical Conductivity (EC), Total dissolved solids (TDS) and Total hardness which exceeds the highest acceptable limits of NIS. The levels of calcium and magnesium in Wuntin Dada (GW3) and Kyaure (GW5) were higher than the maximum acceptable limits. Total coliform and faecal coliform have their highest values in Kyaure (GW5) and all the values of the ten (10) samples for these parameters are above the maximum permissible limit of NIS. These high values may be due to proximity of the water bodies especially wells to dumpsites, gutters and pit latrines. This may lead to severe water borne diseases.