Janan Fakoor, Dr. Shabana Mazhar, Ezatullah Karimi
Zakat is a unique economic pillar of Islam. It is the basis of the Islamic economic system. It is obligated by Allah(swt) on the wealthy section of the society a specific amount of their wealth that has reached nisab, for the advantage of the poor and needy people Zakat management in Islam is organized by authorities appointed by the state, or voluntarily Muslim organizations. This paper concentrate on the management of Zakat in Afghanistan. The responsibility of zakat management as belongs to the state was established, as well as the merits of its administration by authorities. The objectives of this study are to study the disbursement of Zakat practices by the people of Afghanistan, to find out the extent to which Zakat management has led to the economic empowerment of the marginalized section of the society and to suggest a plan for efficient and proper management of Zakat for effective result. Therefore, I have conducted online survey through structured questionnaire in which I have considered 120 persons as sample size for my study. As result I have suggested a model through which we can have an effective zakat management which can help in affiliation of poverty.