The influence of modern algebra anxiety on afghan undergraduate students’ achievement
Ahmad Khalid Mowahed
The main purpose of present study was to first determine factors of modern algebra1 anxiety rating scale (MA1RS) and then examine their influence on students’ achievement in modern algebra. Data were collected from 97 undergraduate students by administering MA1RS, anxiety factors were determined via exploratory factor analysis and then examined the influence of the factors on students’ achievement by conducting multiple linear regression analysis. The results of exploratory factors analysis revealed that the reliability of the MA1RS was satisfactory with a Cronbach alpha of 0.892. Furthermore, principle-component factor analysis with Varimax rotation determined possible factors. Some of these factors were positively/negatively correlated with students’ final exam scores as their achievement in modern algebra1. Due to not being able to draw solid conclusions on the actual factors and their direction of the relationship with students’ achievement, we propose more research be conducted to determine the actual number of factors of modern algebra1 anxiety rating scale and its relationship direction with students’ achievement.