Floristic wealth and its traditional usage in parson’s valley dam of Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India
Gowri N, Arunprasath A
Understanding the diversity of nature in various forms is fundamental goal of ecological research. In addition, investigations into traditional use and management of local flora have demonstrated the existence of extensive local knowledge of not only about the physical and chemical properties of many plant species, but also the phenological and ecological features in the case of domesticated species. In such manner, an exhaustive study was carried out to explore the floristic wealth and traditional usage of the same in Parson’s Valley located in Nilgiris of Tamil Nadu, for a period of about 8 months from July, 2018 to February, 2019. By this present investigation, totally 104 species comes under various plant groups were recorded. Among them, 100 species comes under angiosperms, 2 were Gymnosperms and 2 were Pteridophytes. Regarding the habits of total species recorded, 58 species were found as herbs, 26 species were shrubs and 15 species as trees. 5 species of climbers were also recorded from the study site. The family Asteraceae was noted as dominant family. For this current research work, it was also documented that a total of 101 species were used as medicine for various ailments and 3 as fodder. The traditionally used plants in the study region lack phyto-therapeutic evidence. Hence, it is necessary to perform phytochemical or pharmacological studies to explore the potentials of plants used for medicinal purposes. Conservation strategies must also be carried out these species.