Effectiveness of myofascial release (MFR) and long wave diathermy (LWD) on upper trapezius spasm
Siddhesh Sawant, Dr. Keerthi Rao
Background: Myofascial Release is a where fascia is strong connective tissue which spreads throughout the body in a three-dimensional web from head to toe. Myofascial release is a technique where hands-on soft tissue that facilitates a stretch into the restricted fascial. Long wave Diathermy is used for pain relief and to increase the range of motion (ROM). Long wave diathermy (LWD) speeds up the recovery in chronic pain conditions.Objective- This study aims to find the effectiveness of Myofascial Release (MFR) and Long Wave Diathermy (LWD) on trapezius spasm. Methodology: Study involved 30 participants with trapezius spasm Myofascial release along with Long wave diathermy was given to all the participants. Pre and post readings of Numeric Pain Rating Scale and Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale were recorded then data analysis was done using paired “t” test.Outcome measures: The outcome measure was Numeric Pain Rating Scale and Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale. Results: The data was analyzed using paired t test. Pre-intervention score for NPRS was 6.53±1.00 and for Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale was 6±1.54. Post intervention data collected showed (±SD) of 1.96±1.06 for Numerical Pain rating Scale and for Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale was (±SD) 2.33±1.16. Result Showed that T value for Numerical Pain Rating Scale was 39.952 and for Wong Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale was 17.535 which is considered as highly significant. Conclusion: In this study, it was concluded that Myofascial Release and long wave diathermy was effective on upper trapezius muscle spasm in young adults.