An assessment of Ghana’s electricity sector, challenges, and remedies
Emmanuel Yamoah Cobbold, Dan Owusu, Isaac Akpemah Bathuure
Ghana has traveled quite a journey in developing its power sector from the days of 1914 where only a few cities had electricity to about 83% electricity coverage across the entire country in recent days. The country has succeeded in improving its generation mix; it has nineteen (19) power plants and not relying so much on the Akosombo dam. The days of Power rationing; “Dumsor” are seemly over. There is limited data on Ghana’s power sector, therefore, this research delves into the current issues of the sector including the power sources that make up the national grid as well as consumption trends of the economy. The study also reveals some hindrances facing the sector and adds to the available literature on Ghana’s power sector. This research used data from the official pages of key players in Ghana’s power sector including the Energy Commission (EC), the World Bank and others. The paper reveals that over-involvement of the government in the affair of the utilities, indebtedness, poor performance of some utilities and disregard for energy efficiency policies by citizens pose a deleterious challenge to the sector. The paper suggests the development of mini-grids, adoption of measures to reduce transmission losses as a way to improve the current state of the country’s power sector.
Emmanuel Yamoah Cobbold, Dan Owusu, Isaac Akpemah Bathuure. An assessment of Ghana’s electricity sector, challenges, and remedies. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 6, Issue 11, 2019, Pages 242-247