International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 5, Issue 9 (2018)

Chemical composition of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) seeds and physicochemical properties of it is oil


Hiam M Mohammed, Elfatih A Hassan, Mohammed E Osamn

Proximate, mineral and selected physicochemical characteristics of baobab (Adansonia digitata) Seed - oil were determined using standard analytical methods. The proximate composition (%) of the seeds were as follows; moisture (3.5 ± 0.1), crude protein (12.9 ± 0.015), crude lipid (14.3 ± 0.05), ash (4.49 ± 0.05), crude fiber (20.42 ± 0.04) and carbohydrate (44.32 ± 0.25). The major mineral elements present in the seeds included phosphorus, calcium, potassium, zinc and iron (7.00, 9.61, 90.29, 0.268, and 0.227 ppm respectively). Vitamin C was found in baobab seeds with concentration = 70.9 mg/100g. The oil extracted from the seed had the following physicochemical properties: oil content 21.5 ± 0.00%, density 0.09154, specific gravity 0.9163, kinematic viscosity 33.69 cSt, calorific value 43.797Mg kg-1 cloud point +9, pour point -3, acid value, 1.7 ± 0.119 mg KOH g-1, saponification value 275.05 ± 0.52 mgKOH g-1, free fatty acid 3.8, peroxide value 7.6 ± 0.05 mEq kg-1, and The iodine value (54 ± 0.1 mg g-1). According to above result, baobab seeds could have a high potential uses.
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