Small island communities: Their environmental observations and experiences basis for policy intervention
Diosdado P Zulueta
Marinduque is an island province with almost 15 peripheral islands and majority of them have low lying communities with 5,146 residents. The study involved 83 residents from the small island communities with age bracket of 50 and above. They cited 10 observations and experiences they have encountered, which affect their environment and livelihoods. Results of the study revealed the following: felt intense heat in the surroundings, dwindling fish catch, bleaching of corals, low agricultural productivity, prevalence of diseases and pests and erosion of the foreshore areas. All of these were frequently observed and experienced by the community people, and there were no significant differences in ranking these 10 cases at 5% level of significance. The increasing salinity of deep wells, effects of strong typhoons and destruction of the mangrove forests, were all rated as occasionally observed and experienced in a quarterly basis. For the individual islands; intense heat, dwindling fish catch and increasing salinity of deep wells were frequently observed and experience by the community people of Maniwaya, Mompong and Salomague. This is same with the case of Polo Island, wherein the respondents made mentioned, intense heat, dwindling fish catch and increasing salinity of deep wells. The over-all rating for the 10 cited cases was highest in Salomague Island, followed by Mompong, Maniwaya, Polo Island. Lowest was in Gaspar Island. With these findings, policies on how to minimize the adverse effect of climate change on the community should be prioritized.
Diosdado P Zulueta. Small island communities: Their environmental observations and experiences basis for policy intervention. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 5, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 110-112