Primarily affected cognitive linguistic ability in Alzheimer’s disease
Girija PC, Nayana N, Thesli S
It is a well known fact that cognitive linguistic abilities as a whole are affected in Alzheimer’s disease. However, a general misconception is that memory is the primary mental faculty that is affected even from the initial stages of the disease. The present study aims at examining the qualms of this notion by comparing eight cognitive linguistic abilities including mental status, memory, attention and discrimination, language, problem solving, perception, visuospatial skills and executive functions, in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. Functional cognitive linguistic test in Malayalam (FCLT-M) was administered on fifty patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease post six months of the initial diagnosis. Results revealed that language was the most affected element with attention and memory subsequent to it. Henceforth, it can be concluded that an individual’s language would reflect subtle nuances for commencement of Alzheimer’s disease, even in the initial stages as it requires interactions between various cognitive linguistic aspects, thereby making it an effective diagnostic tracker in these cases.