International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 5, Issue 10 (2018)

The impact of stunt growth of fish in ponds on fish supply in Chipata city, case study of selected markets in Chipata, Zambia


Levison Mwanza, Given Phiri

Climate variability has been one of the major issues of the 21st century. In fact, its importance keeps on increasing with the realization that its impacts cut across all sectors of a country’s economy. Hence it should not only be looked at just as an environmental issue but also a developmental issue. Drylands and the plateau areas of sub-Saharan Africa, southern and central Africa, are homes to nearly 50 percent of its populations, who depend on agriculture including livestock, crops and fisheries, as their main livelihood strategy (FAO, 2016). Sporadic and irregular rainfall patterns are the most important environmental driver for these regions and water, in particular surface water, is the primary element of scarcity in drylands (FAO, 2016). Generally, drylands and the plateau areas water bodies are unstable and strongly pulsed ecosystems owing to intermittent and largely unpredictable precipitation (FAO, 2016). As a result of this productivity, they can sustain very high yields in years of good rains, but being largely short-lived as they also respond rapidly to environmental changes in hydrological regimes, which means that alternating periods of low productivity are inevitable (FAO, 2016). Particularly, in protracted crisis situations and to enhance the potential supply of fish from dryland areas through improved use of the available water bodies, and in particular small reservoirs (FAO, 2016). The important role that small water bodies play in supplying essential micronutrients and protein to the communities has largely been overlooked since the termination of the FAO (Food Agriculture Organisation/ALCOM (Aquaculture for Local Community Development) programmes (FAO, 2016). Most of the fish production, however, is consumed locally and goes unrecorded in official catch statistics (Kolding, et al. 2016). By refocusing attention on the fish productivity of small water bodies and reservoirs in drylands and plateau areas, in particular by integrating fisheries with developments in water harvesting, irrigation and improved water storage facilities, the potential to increase the role played by fish in the diets of dryland and plateau people, and to provide improved livelihood opportunities is great (FAO, 2016). Therefore, the general and increased unpredictability of the rainfall required to sustain surface water bodies creates uncertainties in annual production (FAO, 2016). These are the prevailing conditions that are commonly affecting the district of Chipata. As a district, it is known to be a plateau type where water bodies are less, therefore, affecting fish growth and the supply to the city of Chipata.
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How to cite this article:
Levison Mwanza, Given Phiri. The impact of stunt growth of fish in ponds on fish supply in Chipata city, case study of selected markets in Chipata, Zambia. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 5, Issue 10, 2018, Pages 155-161
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development