The Batu Bara Malay Songket: Meaning and functional analysis
Ramlan Damanik, Warisman Sinaga
This study aims to explain the functions and meanings of motifs of Batu Bara Malay songket. The motifs are famous among the Batu Bara Malay people because they are typical and specific. The motifs as well as colors show the life and personality and become parts of local customs. This study is described using Ferdinand de Saussure’s theory. The method is qualitative and descriptive and involves observation method, interview, and documentation. The results of this study indicate that the existence of the motifs is very closely related to local plants, fruits, flowers, and animals, for example, bamboo, mangosteen, betikam (stabbing each other), diamonds, pandanus, silver, flowers, jasmine, cempaka fruit, and so forth. The meanings of each of these motifs, such as, pucuk rebung (the shoots of bamboo sprouts), floral, and cempaka and jasmine flower motifs delineate ethnic Malay characteristics of politeness, elegance, and firm.