Legal and constitutional safeguards against gender inequality in India: Critical analysis
Emandi Ranga Rao
India has constantly had the scornful legacy of executing female child. The advancement in medical science has been widely and grossly misused rather abused in the Indian orthodox. The popularity of female deselection in India could be attributed to various reasons. Our Indian society is patriarchal in nature with inborn desire for the male child. This desire along with the many prevailing superstitions, leads to indiscriminate abortion of female foetuses. There is a belief by certain people that female children are inherently less worthy because they leave home when they marry. The girl is considered as a liability on account of dowry. At present there are three laws aiming to prevent the evil practice of female foeticide. These are Indian Penal Code, 1860, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 and the Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (prohibition of sex selection) Act, 1994. We have laws but we are not implementing them strictly. Though the Indian constitution provides equal rights and privileges for men and women and makes equal provision to improve the status of women in society, majority of women are still unable to enjoy the rights and opportunities guaranteed to them. The attitude of Gender Inequality is the core responsible for the female feticide. Now there is a need to do some research and identify the causes for gender inequality and make some concrete suggestions for effective implementation of laws and their loopholes.