Critical literature review on safety and health hazards as operational risks affecting mining productivity: A case of Konkola copper mine, Zambia
Victor Muchemwa, Dr. Asif Karim, Dr. William Phiri
This paper undertook a critical literature review on safety and health hazards that pause huge potential of affecting operations at Konkola Copper Mine (KCM), Zambia. The article argues that safety and health hazards as operational risks that if remain unchecked, would affect productivity in the mining industry. Zambia is one of the nations that heavily depend on copper hence the contribution of the mining industry to macro and micro economy remains significant. The paper therefore tasked itself to critically evaluate and provide details on safety and health hazards of mining, how it is done, techniques, importance, challenges and sustainable ways of making the mining industry effective and efficiency. The point of departure will be a critique, conclusion and recommendations that emerged from the desk research findings. The analysis of the various activities conducted at KCM revealed that operational risk management with a focus on safety and health was taken seriously within the mining operations. This was evidenced by the over whelming information on risk management documented within the organization. It was further revealed that operational risks concerning safety and health at KCM were managed through Safety management programmes. However statistics from the analysis brought to light an urgent need to further strengthen and modernize accident prevention initiatives and technologies in order to enhance productivity thereby positively contributing to Zambia’s economic and social development. In this regard, the paper submit that central to the successful ability of any mining company in order to achieve its mining, milling recoveries and produce a saleable mineral product, is the management of operational risks. Based on the findings of the analysis, the paper recommends that risk management should cover all the safety and health issues at the mine and that the operational risk system management should be embedded into the operations of the mine as part of its culture. A further recommendation to the mining firm was to enhance their employees` skills of managing safety and health issues as the later and former are potential risks to mining productivity.
Victor Muchemwa, Dr. Asif Karim, Dr. William Phiri. Critical literature review on safety and health hazards as operational risks affecting mining productivity: A case of Konkola copper mine, Zambia. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 9, 2017, Pages 125-134