Critical theory and the influence of non-governmental organizations on human rights in Nigeria
The concept of human rights officially dates back to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. As signatories to international instruments, most countries consented to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, it is disappointing to observe that all over the world, human rights violations remain unabated as a result of non-commitment on the part of governments to ensure the promotion and protection of human rights. The lack of commitment to human rights goals by governments creates the vacuum for Non-Governmental Organizations to intervene on human rights issues. Human rights Non-Governmental Organizations therefore act as watchdogs, monitoring the activities of governments as they affect the human rights of citizens. Consequently, this paper seeks to examine the influence of Non-Governmental Organizations on human rights with a specific focus on Nigeria. This paper adopts a holistic view to enable a deeper understanding of how human rights is constructed. On the other hand, while this paper seeks to assess the influence of Non-Governmental Organizations on human rights in Nigeria, there is the reality that stirs from the impossibility to engage this topic by reviewing the activities of all human rights Non-Governmental Organizations in the country. Having this in mind, what obtains therefore is an analysis of the activities of smaller proportion of human rights Non-Governmental Organizations whose activities have recorded major influence on human rights.