Regional variation in poverty in Karnataka: An analysis of its trends and factors contributing
Husensab Nadaf, RR Biradar
The paper based on secondary data from the Planning, Programme Monitoring and Statistics Department, Government of Karnataka examines the regional variation in poverty in Karnataka and the factors contributing to it. It has been observed that the incidence of poverty has declined in rural, urban area and the total incidence of poverty has significantly declined in Karnataka during 1973-74 to 2011-12. The districts which have more percentage of change in the poverty are Kolar, Bangalore Urban, Tumkur, Bangalore Rural, Bidar and Kodagu. The lowest changes of poverty line in these districts are Chikkamangalure, Belagavi, Hassan, and Bellary district. The higher incidence of poverty in rural areas of Karnataka was found in Dharwad, Chitradurga, Koppala and Kalaburgi districts. The poverty is estimated of higher levels zone districts that are part of Yadageri, Bidar, Kalaburgi and Bagalkot in arid zone. Four of the 10 explanatory variables have significant simple correlation with the dependent variable. This has significant but correlation with poverty. The four variables are irrigation, agriculture labours, marginal workers and share of small farmers. These variables have 0.10 levels of significant correlations with poverty. Share of small farmerís variable is highly significant and influenced to reduce the poverty and Per capita income is highly correlated with agriculture labours. The promotion of livelihood opportunities, through modernizing agriculture, establishing rural industries, establishment of skill development training, improve women empowerment, improve the education in rural and urban area.
Husensab Nadaf, RR Biradar. Regional variation in poverty in Karnataka: An analysis of its trends and factors contributing. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 7, 2017, Pages 359-364