Assessment of occupational health illnesses and injuries encountered by female workers in building construction in Ahmedabad city
Dr Shobhana Dangi, Dr Nilam Pandav
Background:Informal/unorganised sector covers approximately 92% of total workforce in India. About 50% of construction industrial workers belong to unorganised sectors. They are at risk of encountering certain health injuries and illness and the scenario get worsened if workforce is female. Aim & Objectives:1.To look in to socio-demographic profile of workers.2.To find out occupational health hazards & injuries encountered by women engaged in construction industry. Study Design: It was a cross-sectional study carried out among 360 female workers from 30 different construction site by simple random sampling. Data was collected and analysed by statistical package for social science. Microsoft word and excel have been used to generate tables etc. Results: The study revealed that majority of the female workers belongs to 15 to 45 years of age; most common injuries among construction worker in their work life were cuts &bleeding (88.8%) followed by boils (83.3%) & puncture of foot sole (80.5%) respectively. Also, most common illness experienced by female was urinary tract infection (95.5%) followed by fever (95.8%) & Dehydration (94.4%) respectively. Conclusion: Poor working conditions, lack of facility for basic amenities, lack of security, lack of training make these workers vulnerable populations and it shows imperative need for an overall socio economic development as key for achieving the desired status.
Dr Shobhana Dangi, Dr Nilam Pandav. Assessment of occupational health illnesses and injuries encountered by female workers in building construction in Ahmedabad city. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 7, 2017, Pages 497-499