Criticism consists of asking and answering rational questions about literature. Criticism flourishes in an atmosphere of intellectual freedom and inquiry. A critic is an ideal judge and reader who bring to bear a trained judgement on whatever he reads. I.A. Richards, the pioneer of the new criticism. I.A. Richards was regarded as the most important psychological critic who has studied poetry methodically. He mutually with Eliot is the most influential critic in the twentieth century Anglo- American criticism. Richards was the first critic who realized the importance of psychology and the impact it made on the reader and society. He was a man of wide learning. He was widely read not only in literature, but also in psychology, philosophy, aesthetics, the superior arts and the wide ideology of various sciences.