Background: Falls in elderly are associated with a number of risk factors, of which obesity is one of the major risk factors for falls leading to disability, dependency and reduced quality of life. The Square Stepping Exercise (SSE) consists of movements similar to walking, in multiple directions composed of various elementary patterns with increasing progression. So, the aim of this study is to find whether or not the Square Stepping Exercise is effective in improving the cognitive function and reducing the risk of fall in elderly overweight and obese females. AIM and objectives: To find the effect of Square stepping exercise on cognition and risk of fall in overweight and obese elderly females, using MMSE and TUG. Materials and Methodology: 20 overweight and obese elderly females were included in the intervention protocol that extended over 4 weeks. Elementary pattern I and II extended for two weeks each, with 3 sessions per week. Pre and post cognitive function was evaluated using the Mini Mental State Examination. Pre and post balance was assessed by the Timed-Up and Go test and risk of fall was evaluated by it. Results: There was a significant improvement in balance according to the Timed-Up and Go Test and a significant improvement in cognitive function according to MMSE in overweight (p=) and obese females (p=). There was a reduction in the risk of fall in obese females (%). Conclusion: The Square Stepping Exercise effectively improves balance and cognitive function and reduces the risk of falls in overweight and obese elderly females.
Rasika Panse, Sonam Jain, Ujwal Yeole, Gaurai Gharote, Shweta Kulkarni, Pournima Pawar. Effect of square stepping exercise on cognition and risk of fall in overweight and obese elderly females. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2017, Pages 117-120