A comparative study on sanitation among government and private school students of rural Bikaner
Jyoti Joshi, Dr. Sunita Agarwal
The poor health and lack of sanitation facilities are important underlying factors for low school enrolment, absenteeism, poor classroom performance, and early school dropouts. In the nutshell, India is lacking sanitation and hygiene in its rural schools setup which affects the performance of children negatively and increases the chances of acquiring many diseases. Therefore, the present study is planned to assess the current situation of knowledge and practices regarding sanitation in school students of rural Bikaner. In the present study, 1280 students were selected from 32 schools, which comprised of 16 government and 16 private schools. These students were selected by the process of multistage sampling. A self-administered close ended questionnaire was prepared for the study. To find whether there exists a significant difference between knowledge and practice regarding sanitation, we conducted test of proportions where the same set of respondents were asked for two different aspects and the result was analyzed through z-test statistic. For the knowledge level of disposal of human excreta, Z-Calculated (1.32) was found to be higher than the Z-critical (1.96). For the practices level of government and private school students the Z- Calculated (7.46) was found to be lower than the Z-critical (1.96). This implies that there is a significant level of difference found in the practices level of human sanitation amongst the two school groups.
Jyoti Joshi, Dr. Sunita Agarwal. A comparative study on sanitation among government and private school students of rural Bikaner. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 9, 2016, Pages 231-234