International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 6 (2016)

Socio demographic conditions & morbidity status of urban slum dwellers in Pune city


Dr. Suresh Ray

Background: The existence of slums is essentially a manifestation of poverty, along with the economic and industrial development-slums will continue to exist and grow further. Nearly one in every six urban Indian resident’s lives in a slum, newly released Census data shows. The census defines a slum as "residential areas where dwellings are unfit for human habitation" because they are dilapidated, cramped, poorly ventilated, unclean, or "any combination of these factors which are detrimental to the safety and health".

Objective: To study the socio-demographic profiles & morbidity among urban slum dwellers.

Material and Methods: The present cross sectional study had been carried out from August 2015 to December 2015 at selected slums of Pune, Maharashtra on 500 households. Both primary and secondary data source was used. The data was analyzed manually under the headings of demography; population distribution by age group, literacy rate, occupation and income, garbage disposal, electricity, health, addiction, health services available and medical problems exists.

Result: The total population was 2463. 1293 were males and 1170 were females. 18.75% of the total population were male children & 15.55% were female children. Out of these children 11.5% were under-5, 10.65% were school age children and 12.15% population were adolescent. 3.53% of the total population were old age people. The literacy rate was 47.9 % and 31.2% for males and females respectively. About 55% and 30% families were belongs to socio-economic status class III and class IV according to modified Prasad’s social classification. Nearly 89% of the population use garbage containers to dispose garbage. Households having individual electric meter connections are at 63%. In the selected slums, majority (54.37%) of the families were utilizing private health care services and 45.63% of families were availing government health care services.

Conclusion: Increasing numbers of slums constitute a major challenge to development. The result emphasizes the need for measures to improve the physical environment of the dwelling places like basic amenities of toilets, proper drainage, sewerage system, adequate water supply & school enrolment and lowering school dropout to increase literacy rate. Health care should provide through mobile health van or slum clinic which could tackle common ailments like acute respiratory infections, diarrhoea, anaemia, worm infestation, diabetes, hypertension etc.
Download  |  Pages : 65-68
How to cite this article:
Dr. Suresh Ray. Socio demographic conditions & morbidity status of urban slum dwellers in Pune city. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 6, 2016, Pages 65-68
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development