Environmentally sustainable urban planning: Concept and governing factors
Dr. Akshey Bhargava, Prachi Bhajipale
Urbanization is rapidly increasing at an alarming rate all over the world in as much as that the total urban population of the world has increased by 5 folds during the last sixty five years. While total population of India has doubled during the last 50 years, urban population has grown nearly five times. The process of urbanization is faster in the developing world and more often unplanned and disorganized, resulting in various hazards due to ecological and environmental imbalance. Urbanization alters the environmental parameters by increasing concreting, reducing forest cover, increasing sediment yield, creating heat island, reduce ventilation, increased air and water pollution and adding significant GHG emissions. Change in hydrological cycle and land use pattern lead to various hazards like flood, landslides and drought. The authors of the present paper have focused on different issues relating to environment linked to sustainable urban planning.