Fish marketing system and species availability at Paikgacha fish market (Kata) in Khulna, Bangladesh
Mizanur Rahman Washim, AKM Shafiqul Alam Rubel, Md. Ashraful Hoque
The study was performed at Paikgacha fish market (Kata) to explore the current structure of fish marketing system, socio-economic status of personnel involved in fish trading and the species availability during the study period. The study investigated two distinct marketing system named general fish (white fish) marketing system and shrimp marketing channel. In the both market chain from producers to retailers the goods goes onward through a number of channel members like aratdar, foria, paiker, wholesalers, chalani, depot, and retailer. It was observed that the aratdar/auctioneer get 3 to 5% commissions from each auction by arranging the auction andcontractual activities and providing other facilities such as clean water supply, electricity, space, communication etc. A variety of personnel involved in arat likewise muhuri, koyal and labour etc having distinct salary level. The usual amount of the daily fish supply was 10-15 tones with a traded value between Tk 5 and 6 million and the volume varies relying on the variation in catches during peak or off-season. A total of 58 species of fresh water, brackish and marine water fish and shrimp/prawn species were identified during the observation period. The percentage of categorical supply during the total study period was about 30%, 30% and 40% respectively for brackish and marine fish, freshwater fish and shrimp/prawn and it varies seasonally. Virtually most of the white fish distributed all over the country including Khulna, Barisal, Bagerhat, Gopalgonj, Sylhet, Chittagong and Feni and about 90% shrimp is supplied to the processing industry for export. Although Paikgacha fish market goes through a number of problems it is a unique place for fish and shrimp trading of south-west coastal region.