Knowledge and practices regarding hygiene and sanitation among government and private school students of rural Bikaner
Jyoti Joshi, Dr. Sunita Agarwal
Children are the most vulnerable segment of the population to hygiene and sanitation concerned health hazards and consequently are affected the mostThe poor health and lack of hygiene and sanitation facilities are important underlying factors for low school enrolment, absenteeism, poor classroom performance, and early school dropouts. In the nutshell, India is lacking sanitation and hygiene in its rural schools setup which affects the performance of children negatively and increases the chances of acquiring many diseases. Therefore, the present study is planned to assess the current situation of knowledge and practices regarding hygiene and sanitation in school students of rural Bikaner. In the present study, 1280 students were selected from 32 schools, which comprised of 16 government and 16 private schools. These students were selected by the process of multistage sampling. A self-administered close ended questionnaire was prepared for the study. To find whether there exists a significant difference between knowledge and practice regarding hygiene and sanitation, we conducted test of proportions where the same set of respondents were asked for two different aspects and the result was analyzed through z-test statistic. The results indicated that the knowledge (87.5%) and practices levels (77.03%) of Government School students were found as compared to Private School students (93.6%). Knowledge level and practices level (72%) of private school students. The Z-calculated (43.8) for government school and (91.5) for private school students is higher than the Z-critical (1.96). This leads to the conclusion of rejecting the null hypothesis regarding knowledge and practices level amongst both the group of students with respect to these parameters.