International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 3, Issue 11 (2016)

Reserve forest and livelihood opportunities: A study on Buxa tiger reserve


Bijoy Debnath, Debasis Bhattacharya

Reasons for creating reserves in colonial period had been a concern for the reduction in big game species and to enhance the commercial production of timber. Reserves ensured strict regulation on traditional use of the forest, regardless of its good or adverse impact on the forest’s ecology. Forest Act of 1878 and 1927 provided an excellent launching pad for denying traditional livelihood to the forest dwellers and compelling them to act as labor under forest department. The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 coined the concept of protected area for which more and more areas of forests are declared as wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Protected area propagates a conservation regime of not interfering in the forest so that nature can take its own course. Today, 47.64% of the total forest area of North Bengal falls under these categories. The objective of this paper is to look into the concept of reserve from the point of view of forest dwellers’ livelihood. Buxa Tiger Reserve (BTR), the 15th Tiger Reserve of the Country has been selected for this study since it has witnessed commercial forestry as well as protected area management and it provides residence to 37 forest villages. An observation from the study suggests that the concept of reserve has forced the forest villagers to change their livelihood pattern. The study also reveals that due to lack of livelihood opportunities villagers are forced to migrate in search of alternative livelihood.
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How to cite this article:
Bijoy Debnath, Debasis Bhattacharya. Reserve forest and livelihood opportunities: A study on Buxa tiger reserve. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 3, Issue 11, 2016, Pages 121-128
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development