Economic impact of MGNREGA: A case study of Bisalpur sub-division of district Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh
Dr. Mohammad Israr Khan, Savita Saxena
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Act (MGNREGA), 2006 is a socio-economic law which was enacted for reducing poverty, unemployment, and hunger in India. It makes India a country providing, for one hundred days, guaranteed unskilled wage employment to the unemployed people, in rural areas, who come to ask for the same. This program is significantly different from the earlier ones in that it gives guarantee for employment while the earlier wage employment programs did not provide any such assured entitlement. This paper tries to analyse the employment, income, and consumption effects via enhanced purchasing power that can be ascribed to MGNREGA in the rural areas of the selected district. It attempts to examine the social and economic as well as the assets creation impact of the scheme in rural areas. Additionally, the paper evaluates rural women’s empowerment in terms of employment, income, and consumption, brought about by the MGNREGA which, in turn, is found to equip them with the kind of resources and opportunity that help them fulfil their needs and increase the consumption level. The study concludes that MGNREGA induces a positive improvement in the life of the people in the rural areas.