Farming in Mizoram: Jhumming and the role of women
In Mizoram, there is less scope for occupational differentiation and about 60% of its population are still engaged in agriculture and allied activities (2001 census) for their sustenance. More than 75% of its population are still engaged in agricultural activities for their sustenance. It is, therefore, obvious that the prospect for improvement in their agricultural economy solely depended on the quality of agriculture administration in the Mizo Hills. In the traditional period, that is, before the advent of exogenous forces into the Mizo Hills, the fundamental objective of traditional agriculture administration was to prepare the villagers to be self-sufficient in food. In the traditional period, women’s contribution to agriculture was praiseworthy. In spite of the fact that the role of women has considerably declined as compared to the past due to various factors like farm mechanisation, women’s employment in sectors other than agriculture, urbanisation etc., women still play a major role especially in the rural areas. Jhuming continues to be a way of life for the Mizos who engage themselves in agricultural activities.