Alienation is an emotional and social condition largely brought about by work life/working conditions. If a human being creating a specific value by its working activity/labour is forced to challenging, commoditizing working conditions, it is first alienated to its own labour, then to itself and its values (society) (the anomic condition). Previous works have commonly related alienation phenomenon primarily to work life/working conditions. When considered at an oranizational level, alienation is considered to be brought about by both organizations and functional working conditions. This study was conducted using the survey method in the emergency departments of Başkent University Faculty of Medicine and Gazi University Faculty of Medicine after being approved by the local ethics committe. Emergency department workers (Physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians) were asked to fill the questionnaire forms used for the study. The alienation scale used for the study was developed by Bayat (1996) and based on the theories and functional definitions of Johnson and Seaman. It is composed of 36 propositions and participants can score between 36 and 180 points. The categorical equivalents of these points are as follows: “0-36 points: no alienation; 36-72 points: low level of alienation; 73-109 points: moderate level of alientaion; 110-156 points: high level of alienation; 157-180 points very high levl of alienation.” The study data were analyzed with SPSS 13.00 for Windows software package. Descriptive statistics were expressed as number, percentage, and mean. Categorical variables were compared with Chi-Square test. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. The study included a total of 148 subjects, with 102 (68.9%) subjects being male and 46 (31.1%) being female. The mean age of the study population was 27.7±6.06 years. Alienation level was low or moderate in nurses, high in EMTs, and moderate in physicians (p<0.001). The results of this study suggest that the prevalence and the level of alienation was relatively greater in physicians than other occupations. Alienation was mostly of moderate level in both public and private sector.
Bulent Bayat, Turker Topalhan, Cemil Kavalc, Afsin Emre Kayipmaz, Meliha Findik. A study of the prevalence and the level of alienation among emergency service healthcare workers. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 660-662