Approaches for the Analysis of Generation Rate and Density of Municipal Solid Waste of Allahabad City
Kowsar Hussain Bhat, Fayaz Ahmad Dar, Niyaz Ahmad Khan, Ab. Qayoom Mir
Increasing population levels, rapid economic growth and rise in community living standard accelerates the generation rate of municipal solid waste (MSW) in Indian cities and same is the case with Allahabad city. Improper management of MSW causes hazards to inhabitants. The objectives of the study are to determine the waste generation rate and density of MSW of Allahabad city. Allahabad is among the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh in terms of population and area. The geographical area of Allahabad is about 70.5 sq km (under municipal corporation).Three sampling sites were selected in Allahabad city Naini, Phaphamau, Allapur. A random sampling was carried out in all the three sampling sites and a survey work was conducted to analyze waste generation rate and density of solid waste. Samples were collected at 10 days of intervals from 03 February 2011 to 04 May 2011. The total waste generation rate in Allapur and Naini is 0.4 kg/ capita/day and in Phaphamau 0.39kg/capita/day. The density of MSW decreases with increase in temperature from February to May because of decrease in mass of MSW due to loss of moisture content. In order to solve the solid waste management problems in Allahabad, this study recommends clear goals and timeframes need to be established, duties and responsibilities of local government, NGOs and Allahabad Municipal Authority and funding needs to be allocated in order to produce an effective waste management framework in the City.
Kowsar Hussain Bhat, Fayaz Ahmad Dar, Niyaz Ahmad Khan, Ab. Qayoom Mir. Approaches for the Analysis of Generation Rate and Density of Municipal Solid Waste of Allahabad City. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 3, 2015, Pages 590-593