The Parliament of India is the supreme
legislative body of the Republic of India. Parliament is composed of the
President of India and the houses. It is bicameral with two houses: Rajya Sabha
(Council of States) and the Lok Sabha (House of the People). The President in
his role as head of legislature has full powers to summon and prorogue either
house of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The president can exercise these
powers only upon the advice of the Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers.
Those elected or nominated (by the President)
to either house of Parliament are referred to as members of parliament (MP).
The Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha are directly elected by the Indian public
voting in single member districts and the members of Rajya Sabha are elected by
the members of the State Legislative Assemblies by proportional representation.
The Parliament has a sanctioned strength of 543 in Lok Sabha excluding the 2
nominees from the Anglo- Indians if so the president of India felt desirable
and 245 in Rajya Sabha including the 12 nominees from the expertise of
different fields of science, culture, art and history. The Parliament meets at
Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi.