Local community: Indigenous knowledge of agriculture system (A case study of TonsrnValley and Upper Yamuna Basin)
Anil Dutt, Rajendar Prasad Tiwari
Indigenous Knowledge is the information basernfor a society, which facilitates communication and decision-making. Indigenousrninformation systems are dynamic, and are continually influenced by internalrncreativity and experimentation as well as by contact with external systems.
Indigenous Knowledge have originated fromrnindigenous people, for instance in medicine and veterinary medicine with theirrnintimate understanding of their environments. Indigenous knowledge is developedrnand adapted continuously to gradually changing environments and passed downrnfrom generation to generation and closely interwoven with people’s culturalrnvalues. Indigenous knowledge is also the social capital of the poor, their mainrnasset to invest in the struggle for survival, to produce food, to provide for shelterrnor to achieve control of their own lives. It has significant contributionsrnto the development and is equally essential for sustainable development.
Today, many indigenous knowledge systemsrnare at risk of becoming extinct because of rapidly changing naturalrnenvironments and fast pacing economic, political, and cultural changes on arnglobal-regional and local scale. Practices vanish, as they become inappropriaternfor new challenges or because they adapt too slowly. However, many practicesrndisappear only because of the intrusion of foreign technologies or developmentrnconcepts that promise short-term gains or solutions to problems without beingrncapable of sustaining them. The tragedy of the impending disappearance ofrnindigenous knowledge is most obvious to those who have developed it and make arnliving through it. But the implication for others can be detrimental as well,rnwhen skills, technologies, artifacts, problem solving strategies and expertisernare lost.
rnrnStudy Area ismarginal regions occupiedrnby marginal societies have strong adaptation capabilities to the environment.rnThe region has a highly developed traditional knowledge system.
Anil Dutt, Rajendar Prasad Tiwari. Local community: Indigenous knowledge of agriculture system (A case study of TonsrnValley and Upper Yamuna Basin). International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 11, 2015, Pages 522-526