International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development
Vol. 2, Issue 11 (2015)

Impact of pre-transplant nutritional status on prognosis following liver transplantation


Shruti Kumari, Nora Vigasini

Malnutrition is almost universally present in patients with End Stage Liver Disease (ESLD) undergoing liver transplantation and has been associated with delayed ICU stay, increased morbidity and mortality. After liver transplant (LT), when liver function is restored, amelioration in the nutritional status is expected. After liver transplantation in fact dietary intake rapidly normalizes and fat mass is progressively regained while the recovery of muscle mass can be slower. Although there is no gold standard for the assessment of nutritional status in patients with liver disease, anthropometric measurements, such as arm muscle circumference and triceps skin fold, SGA and HGS have been utilized in large groups of patients, mainly in those awaiting LT, and proved to be useful in identifying muscle and fat depletion. In this study, the nutritional status of a group of 29 Indian and Middle East patients was prospectively analyzed prior to transplantation, at the time of discharge from the hospital (post LT) and at the completion of one month post LT, and the relationship between nutritional status and prognosis were analyzed. The statistical analysis of this data suggested that a significant proportion of patients undergoing liver transplantation are nutritionally compromised and it was found that the overall nutritional status of most subjects improved post LT, which may be possibly improved by nutritional intervention.
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How to cite this article:
Shruti Kumari, Nora Vigasini . Impact of pre-transplant nutritional status on prognosis following liver transplantation. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 2, Issue 11, 2015, Pages 494-496
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development