Learners’ needs and challenges in modular distance learning approach
Joan T PO
The Philippine educational system is now adapting the new blended learning because face-to-face classes are not allowed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive-correlation research aimed to determine the Learners’ Needs and Challenges on Modular Distance Learning Approach at Parara National High School, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines for School Year 2020-2021. The respondents of this study were chosen using the stratified sampling technique to determine the sample size out of the total population. The researcher used Slovin’s formula. This study used a researcher-modified questionnaire validated by the panel of experts and subjected to reliability testing. The data gathered were analyzed using frequency count, percentage and mean. For inferential statistics, the researcher used Rank, t-test, Analysis of Variance and Pearson’s r. The result showed that Parara National High School and other schools offering modular distance learning should improve their distance learning delivery especially in terms of assistance from the teacher via email, text-messaging, etc., support from parents and relatives, learning resources to augment the modules, use of smartphones to communicate with teachers and ample of time to answer the modules so that they can meet the learner’s needs. It was also found out that learners’ needs have no significant correlation with the challenges they met in their modular distance learning. Furthermore, the researcher recommends that to further improve the modular distance learning, a simplified self-learning module should be prepared to cater the learners’ varied needs. If possible, a differentiated instruction should be prepared in order to cater both the struggling and fast learners. By means of simplifying the modules, learners would be able to answer this by themselves and adjust to the new scheme of Teaching and learning process.