Transnational xenophobia in Africa: Implications for development and security of the continent 2008-2018
Umoh Udofia Sunday, Iwarimie B Uranta, Poroma C Lekia
This study x-rays transnational xenophobia in Africa and its implications for security and development in the continent. The study adopts theory triangulation via Bio-cultural theory by Joseph Carrol Mathias, Clansen Emelie Johnson, Alexandra Reginald and Kraschmer Luseadra. (2017). Frustration – Aggression by Gurr (1970) and the Stakeholders’ theory by Edward freeman (2016) to explain xenophobia in Africa. The 3 theories seek to minimize xenophobic propensity by optimizing relations amongst stakeholders as their assumptions stresses in clear terms the processes that leads to xenophobic activities via fear of enculturation from foreign nationals, discontent and frustration by the natives arising from perceived impediment to achievement of their goal and how all these could by assuage by the inclusion of all parties in the state, as stakeholders. Data for the study was generated only through secondary sources like textbooks, journal articles and verified internet links. Qualitative analysis of data reveals that transnational xenophobia in Africa engenders insecurity which resonates in the loss of capital investment and poor interstates relations. The study concludes that issues of xenophobia are complicated by the state’s complicity of silence in a bid to obfuscate the presence of development deficits in their internal domains and recommends amongst other things, that African states should pay attention to factors which midwife previous xenophobia in the continent even as they endeavor to improve economic and security structures in their state to enable peace and development in the continent.
Umoh Udofia Sunday, Iwarimie B Uranta, Poroma C Lekia. Transnational xenophobia in Africa: Implications for development and security of the continent 2008-2018. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 8, Issue 6, 2021, Pages 86-95