The link between personal entrepreneurial competencies (PECS) and individual and firm level variables: Eevidence from micro and small enterprise [MSES] operators in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Abaineh Degaga, Filmon Hadaro
The purpose of this study was to assess the extent of personal entrepreneurial competencies (PECs) of micro and small enterprises’ (MSEs) operators as well as to examine the association between individual and firm level variables with PECs of MSEs operators in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The 10 basic PECs identified in the EMPRETEC model of UNCTAD are applied. There are several studies conducted in the area of entrepreneurship development in the context of MSEs but they did not sufficiently assess the effect of individual and firm level variables on the development of PECs. The study was underpinned by pragmatism and it applied mixed methods approach. Data were collected from 346 MSEs by employing questionnaire. Besides, key informant interviews (KIIs), document reviews and personal observation were applied. Frequencies, percentages, crosstabs, correlation and thematic analysis constitute the main data analysis techniques employed. The result revealed that nearly two–thirds of MSEs’ operators are good at opportunity seeking and utilization. Only below a quarter of the respondents rated their risk taking propensity to be good. Majority of them are concerned for quality and efficiency. The level of persistence, commitment, information seeking, goal setting and systematic planning are rated as good. However, persuasion and networking as well as independence and self-confidence are reported to be low. Firm age, age of respondents and education level are positively related to opportunity identification whereas current experience is negatively associated. Firm age, respondent’s age, current experience of operators, previous employment, gender and education are positively associated with risk taking. Firm age is negatively associated with the desire to maintain efficiency and quality. Education is positively linked with persistence. Education and firm size are negatively associated with information seeking. Previous occupation and enterprise type are negatively associated with goal setting whereas enterprise sector is positively associated. The finding can be used by government as well as by other stakeholders endeavoring to foster the development entrepreneurship in general and PECs of people engaged in MSEs in particular.
Abaineh Degaga, Filmon Hadaro. The link between personal entrepreneurial competencies (PECS) and individual and firm level variables: Eevidence from micro and small enterprise [MSES] operators in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Volume 8, Issue 4, 2021, Pages 98-105