Nature and scope of Development Administration Development
It is the end result of (Public) Administration. The paradigm of development is depending on the nature of government and its policies. It may be ideologically driven or ethically motivated. It strips off the orthodox structuralism of public administration as put forward by classical Administrative theorists and attempts to cater the emerging need of a given population upon which the process of administration is going to be taken place. Development Administration is an intellectual enterprise with which defined goals of development can be achieved. Welfare of people, increase in per capita income, empowerment of the marginalised if any, long term projects like implementation of five year plans, strategies to ensure sustainable development, eradication of poverty and mitigation of commoners’ grievances….the list may not be completed and the projects and programmes of government or public authority unquestionably relates to the nature of their administration. Development Administration as a theory and model is an article for developmental design of third world countries. According to Kempe Ronald Hope “Virtually every development plan, administrative reform agenda, political party manifesto, Government action plan and major policy speech has come implicitly or explicitly to suggest a preference for the Development Administration approach to public management”. Unlike the western developed nations third world countries resort a state or public purse centred approach for development initiatives. But we cannot give exclusiveness for development administration as a sole strategy adopted by the third world countries. Kempe Ronald Hope in his article “The Dynamics of Development” and Development Administration has pointed out three reasons for the development of “Development Administration” as a new discipline as well as an approach. They are: a. Role of CAG (The Comparative Administration Group; between 1962-71) headed by FW Riggs and supported by The Ford Foundation of America. The group conducted extensive studies and later published several papers intending to support the third world countries in their social reconstruction. “The administrative problems of developing countries” was the concern of the CAG. b. “Highly Prescriptive” nature of Development Administration. It suggests easy ways to overcome administrative problems on the way of operationalizing administrative tenets. c. As an approach the new tendency of development administration demanded “administered social change.” According to George K. Najjar, (Journal Article: Development Administration and "New" Public Administration: A Convergence of Perspectives?) “The main thrust of development administration has been the study of administrative patterns and behaviour in societies caught in the midst of transition along the path from rural, agricultural, peasant life toward urban, industrial, and more advanced forms; and to devise a set of guidelines potentially helpful in facilitating the process of transition”. Najjar points out the role of Development Administration as an approach to ease the transitional phase of countries which are caught up in between development and underdevelopment. In democratic countries it is the conduct of administration in a political context. One of the landmark events in the history of public administration and comparative public administration was the Conference on Comparative Administration convened in Princeton, New Jersey, during September 1952 by the Public Administration Clearing House. There were thirty scholars, administrative advisers and other executives in the conference. They expressed concern over the changing role of Public Administration across continents. The agenda setting of the conference was “… gave examples of problems that they had confronted about which doctrine and knowledge were lacking, particularly comparatively. Mention was made of the proliferation of government corporations for agricultural, industrial or financial development in underdeveloped countries, without understanding of the conditions for their success or the methods of their control. What were the conditions for success or failure of various devices of parliamentary government? Problems of delegation of authority, of budgetary procedures were said to be pressing”. The conference suggested the need for making comparative studies of administration in different countries. It was the first attempt to analyse public administration on the contest of a country’s special circumstances. The Conference declares that Public.